Difference between revisions of "Colloquia"

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__NOTOC__
 
__NOTOC__
  
 +
In 2022-2023, our colloquia will be in-person talks in B239 unless otherwise stated.
  
<b>UW Madison mathematics Colloquium is on Fridays at 4:00 pm. </b>
+
==September 9 , 2022, Friday at 4pm  [https://math.ou.edu/~jing/ Jing Tao] (University of Oklahoma)==
 +
(host: Dymarz, Uyanik, WIMAW)
  
<!--- in Van Vleck B239, '''unless otherwise indicated'''. --->
+
'''On surface homeomorphisms'''
  
=Fall 2021=
+
In the 1970s, Thurston generalized the classification of self-maps of the torus to surfaces of higher genus, thus completing the work initiated by Nielsen. This is known as the Nielsen-Thurston Classification Theorem. Over the years, many alternative proofs have been obtained, using different aspects of surface theory. In this talk, I will overview the classical theory and sketch the ideas of a new proof, one that offers new insights into the hyperbolic geometry of surfaces. This is joint work with Camille Horbez.
 +
==September 23, 2022, Friday at 4pm  [https://www.pabloshmerkin.org/ Pablo Shmerkin] (University of British Columbia) ==
 +
(host: Guo, Seeger)
  
== September 17, 2021, Social Sciences 5208 + [http://128.104.155.144/ClassroomStreams/socsci5208_stream.html Live Stream], [https://markshus.wixsite.com/math Mark Shusterman] (Harvard) ==
+
'''Incidences and line counting: from the discrete to the fractal setting'''
  
(hosted by Gurevich)
+
How many lines are spanned by a set of planar points?. If the points are collinear, then the answer is clearly "one". If they are not collinear, however, several different answers exist when sets are finite and "how many" is measured by cardinality. I will discuss a bit of the history of this problem and present a recent extension to the continuum setting, obtained in collaboration with T. Orponen and H. Wang. No specialized background will be assumed.
  
'''Finitely Presented Groups in Arithmetic Geometry'''
+
==September 30, 2022, Friday at 4pm [https://alejandraquintos.com/ Alejandra Quintos] (University of Wisconsin-Madison, Statistics) ==
 +
(host: Stovall)
  
I will report on recent works, in part joint with Esnault—Srinivas, and with Jarden, on the finite presentability of several (profinite) groups arising in algebraic geometry and in number theory. These results build on a cohomological criterion of Lubotzky involving Euler characteristics. I will try to explain the analogy, rooted in arithmetic topology, between these results and classical facts about fundamental groups of three-dimensional manifolds.
+
'''Dependent Stopping Times and an Application to Credit Risk Theory'''
  
== September 24, 2021, B239 + [https://uwmadison.zoom.us/j/93283927523?pwd=S3V6Nlh4bUhYc0F5QzNabi9RMSthUT09 Zoom stream], [https://math.wisc.edu/staff/paul-sean/ Sean Paul] (UW-Madison) ==
+
Stopping times are used in applications to model random arrivals. A standard assumption in many models is that the stopping times are conditionally independent, given an underlying filtration. This is a widely useful assumption, but there are circumstances where it seems to be unnecessarily strong. In the first part of the talk, we use a modified Cox construction, along with the bivariate exponential introduced by Marshall & Olkin (1967), to create a family of stopping times, which are not necessarily conditionally independent, allowing for a positive probability for them to be equal. We also present a series of results exploring the special properties of this construction.
'''The Tian-Yau-Donaldson conjecture for general polarized manifolds'''
 
  
According to the Yau-Tian-Donaldson conjecture, the existence of a constant scalar curvature Kähler (cscK) metric in the cohomology class of an ample line bundle L on a compact complex manifold X should be equivalent to an algebro-geometric "stability condition" satisfied by the pair (X,L). The cscK metrics are the critical points of Mabuchi's K-energy functional M, defined on the space of Kähler potentials, and an important result of Chen-Cheng shows that cscK metrics exist iff M satisfies a standard growth condition (coercivity/properness). Recently the speaker has shown that the K-energy is indeed proper if and only if the polarized manifold is stable. The stability condition is closely related to the classical notion of Hilbert-Mumford stability.  The speaker will give a non-technical general account of the many areas of mathematics that are involved in the proof. In particular, he hopes to discuss the surprising role played by arithmetic geometry​in the spirit of Arakelov, Faltings, and Bismut-Gillet- Soule.
+
In the second part of the talk, we present an application of our model to Credit Risk. We characterize the probability of a market failure which is defined as the default of two or more globally systemically important banks (G-SIBs) in a small interval of time. The default probabilities of the G-SIBs are correlated through the possible existence of a market-wide stress event. We derive various theorems related to market failure probabilities, such as the probability of a catastrophic market failure, the impact of increasing the number of G-SIBs in an economy, and the impact of changing the initial conditions of the economy's state variables. We also show that if there are too many G-SIBs, a market failure is inevitable, i.e., the probability of a market failure tends to one as the number of G-SIBs tends to infinity.
 +
==October 7, 2022, Friday at 4pm  [https://www.daniellitt.com/ Daniel Litt] (University of Toronto)==
 +
(host: Ananth Shankar)
  
== October 1, 2021, B239 + [http://go.wisc.edu/wuas48 Live stream], [https://people.math.wisc.edu/~andreic/ Andrei Caldararu] (UW-Madison) ==
+
==October 14, 2022, Friday at 4pm  [https://math.sciences.ncsu.edu/people/asagema/ Andrew Sageman-Furnas] (North Carolina State)==
'''Yet another Moonshine'''
+
(host: Mari-Beffa)
  
The j-function, introduced by Felix Klein in 1879, is an essential ingredient in the study of elliptic curves. It is Z-periodic on the complex upper half-plane, so it admits a Fourier expansion. The original Monstrous Moonshine conjecture, due to McKay and Conway/Norton in the 1980s, relates the Fourier coefficients of the j-function around the cusp to dimensions of irreducible representations of the Monster simple group. It was proved by Borcherds in 1992.
+
==October 21, 2022, Friday at 4pm  [https://web.ma.utexas.edu/users/ntran/ Ngoc Mai Tran] (Texas)==
 +
(host: Rodriguez)
 +
== November 7-9, 2022, [https://ai.facebook.com/people/kristin-lauter/ Kristen Lauter] (Facebook) ==
 +
Distinguished lectures
  
In my talk I will try to give a rudimentary introduction to modular forms, explain Monstrous Moonshine, and discuss a new version of it obtained in joint work with Yunfan He and Shengyuan Huang.  Our version involves studying the j-function around CM points (so-called Landau-Ginzburg points in the physics literature) and expanding with respect to a coordinate which arises naturally in string theory.
+
(host: Yang).
  
== October 8, 2021, [https://uwmadison.zoom.us/j/93283927523?pwd=S3V6Nlh4bUhYc0F5QzNabi9RMSthUT09 Zoom] + live video on the 9th floor, [https://www.maths.ox.ac.uk/people/jon.chapman Jon Chapman] (University of Oxford) ==
+
== November 11, 2022, Friday at 4pm [http://users.cms.caltech.edu/~jtropp/ Joel Tropp] (Caltech)==
 +
This is the Annual LAA lecture. See [https://math.wisc.edu/laa-lecture/ this] for its history.
  
('''Wasow lecture'''; hosted by Thiffeault)
+
(host: Qin, Jordan)
 +
==November 18, 2022, Friday at 4pm  [TBD]==
 +
(reserved by HC. contact: Stechmann)
 +
==December 2, 2022, Friday at 4pm  [TBD]==
 +
(reserved by HC. contact: Stechmann)
 +
==December 9, 2022, Friday at 4pm  [TBD]==
 +
(reserved by HC. contact: Stechmann)
 +
== Future Colloquia ==
  
'''Asymptotics beyond all orders: the devil's invention?'''
+
[[Colloquia/Fall2022|Fall 2022]]
  
"Divergent series are the invention of the devil, and it is shameful to base on them any demonstration whatsoever." --- N. H. Abel.
+
[[Colloquia/Spring2023|Spring 2023]]
  
The lecture will introduce the concept of an asymptotic series, showing how useful divergent series can be, despite Abel's reservations. We will then discuss Stokes' phenomenon, whereby the coefficients in the series appear to change discontinuously. We will show how understanding Stokes' phenomenon is the key which allows us to determine the qualitative and quantitative behaviour of the solution in many practical problems. Examples will be drawn from the areas of surface waves on fluids, crystal growth, dislocation dynamics, and Hele-Shaw flow.
+
== Past Colloquia ==
 
+
[[Spring 2022 Colloquiums|Spring 2022]]
== October 11, 13, 15, 2021, [https://uwmadison.zoom.us/j/93283927523?pwd=S3V6Nlh4bUhYc0F5QzNabi9RMSthUT09 Zoom],  '''[Mon, Wed, Fri 4-5pm]''', [https://www.maths.usyd.edu.au/u/geordie/ Geordie Williamson] (University of Sydney) ==
 
 
 
('''Distinguished Lecture Series'''; hosted by Gurevich)
 
 
 
'''Geometric representation theory and modular representations'''
 
 
 
Representation theory is the study of linear symmetry. We are interested in all ways in which a group can arise as the symmetries of a vector space. Representation theory is a remarkably rich subject, with deep connections to number theory, combinatorics, algebraic geometry, differential geometry, theoretical physics and beyond. This lecture series will focus on modular representations, i.e. those representations where our vector spaces are over a field of characteristic p. I will try to highlight some of the main questions in the field and why we are interested in answering them. It is remarkable how much is still unknown and how hard some of these questions are. I will explain the role played by geometric representation theory in our attempts to understand these questions. A fascinating blend of algebra, algebraic geometry, category theory and algebraic topology is informing our understanding of basic questions. Much remains to be understood!
 
 
 
== October 22, 2021, [https://uwmadison.zoom.us/j/93283927523?pwd=S3V6Nlh4bUhYc0F5QzNabi9RMSthUT09 Zoom],  [https://math.berkeley.edu/people/faculty/vera-serganova Vera Serganova] (UC Berkeley) ==
 
 
 
(hosted by Gurevich/Gorin)
 
 
 
'''Supersymmetry and tensor categories'''
 
 
 
I will explain how representation theory of supergroups and
 
supergeometry are related to general theory of tensor categories,
 
present old and new results and open questions
 
in the field. We will see how universal tensor categories can be
 
constructed using supergroups and discuss analogy between super
 
representation theory and representation theory over the fields of
 
positive characteristic.
 
 
 
== October 29, 2021, [https://uwmadison.zoom.us/j/93283927523?pwd=S3V6Nlh4bUhYc0F5QzNabi9RMSthUT09 Zoom], [https://web.math.princeton.edu/~aionescu/ Alexandru Ionescu] (Princeton University) ==
 
  
(hosted by Wainger)
+
[[Colloquia/Fall2021|Fall 2021]]
 
 
'''Polynomial averages and pointwise ergodic theorems on nilpotent groups'''
 
 
 
I will talk about some recent work on pointwise almost
 
everywhere convergence for ergodic averages along polynomial sequences
 
in nilpotent groups of step two. Our proof is based on
 
almost-orthogonality techniques that go far beyond Fourier transform
 
tools, which are not available in the non-commutative nilpotent
 
setting. In particular we develop what we call a nilpotent circle
 
method}, which allows us to adapt some the ideas of the classical
 
circle method to the setting of nilpotent groups.
 
 
 
== November 5, 2021,  B239 + [http://go.wisc.edu/wuas48 Live stream], [https://faculty.washington.edu/jathreya/ Jayadev S. Athreya] (University of Washington) ==
 
 
 
(hosted by Uyanik)
 
 
 
'''Surfaces and Point Processes'''
 
 
 
We'll give several concrete examples of how to go from the geometry of surfaces to the study of point processes, following work of Siegel, Veech, Masur, Eskin, Mirzakhani, Wright, and others. We'll discuss how this "probabilistic" perspective helps inform both the direction of questions one asks, as well as providing ideas of how to prove things. We'll discuss some pieces of joint work with Cheung-Masur, Margulis, and Arana-Herrera.
 
 
 
== November 12, 2021, [https://uwmadison.zoom.us/j/93283927523?pwd=S3V6Nlh4bUhYc0F5QzNabi9RMSthUT09 Zoom], [https://sites.tufts.edu/kasso/ Kasso Okoudjou] (Tufts University) ==
 
 
 
(hosted by Stovall)
 
 
 
'''An exploration in analysis on fractals '''
 
 
 
Analysis on fractal sets such as the Sierpinski gasket is based on the spectral analysis of a corresponding Laplace operator. In the first part of the talk, I will describe a class of fractals and the analytical tools that they support.  In the second part of the talk, I will consider fractal analogs of topics from classical analysis, including the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, the spectral theory of Schrödinger operators, and the theory of orthogonal polynomials.
 
 
 
== November 19, 2021 , B239 + [http://go.wisc.edu/wuas48 Live stream],  [https://math.wisc.edu/staff/ai-albert/  Albert Ai](UW-Madison) ==
 
 
 
(reserved by the hiring committee)
 
 
 
''' Low regularity solution for quasilinear PDEs'''
 
 
 
In this talk, we will consider the low regularity well-posedness problem for a pair of quasilinear dispersive PDEs: the nonlinear wave equation, and the water waves equations. Two classical methods, energy estimates and Strichartz estimates, have historically yielded substantial but partial results toward advancing the low regularity theory. We will see how, using a special structure of the equations known as a normal form structure, combined with tools from harmonic and microlocal analysis, we can refine these classical methods to drastically improve the known results for low regularity well-posedness.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
== December 1, 2021, Wednesday at 4pm in B239 + [http://go.wisc.edu/wuas48 Live stream], [https://www.math.ucla.edu/~brianrl/ Brian Lawrence] (UCLA) ==
 
 
 
(reserved by the hiring committee)
 
 
 
== December 3, 2021, Friday at 4pm on [https://uwmadison.zoom.us/j/93283927523?pwd=S3V6Nlh4bUhYc0F5QzNabi9RMSthUT09 ZOOM] + live video in B239, [https://people.wgtn.ac.nz/martino.lupini Martino Lupini] (Victoria University of Wellington) ==
 
 
 
(reserved by the hiring committee)
 
 
 
'''Borel-definable Algebraic Topology'''
 
 
 
In this talk, I will explain how ideas and methods from logic can be used to obtain refinements of classical invariants from homological algebra and algebraic topology. I will then present some applications to classification problems in topology. This is joint work with Jeffrey Bergfalk and Aristotelis Panagiotopoulos.
 
 
 
 
 
== December 6, 2021, Monday at 4pm on [https://uwmadison.zoom.us/j/93283927523?pwd=S3V6Nlh4bUhYc0F5QzNabi9RMSthUT09 ZOOM], [https://sites.google.com/site/michaellipnowski/ Michael Lipnowski]  (McGill) ==
 
 
 
(reserved by the hiring committee)
 
 
 
 
 
== December 8, 2021, Wednesday at 4pm in B239  + [http://go.wisc.edu/wuas48 Live stream], [https://padmask.github.io/ Padmavathi Srinivasan ] (University of Georgia) ==
 
 
 
(reserved by the hiring committee)
 
 
 
== December 10, 2021 , [https://math.wisc.edu/ TBA] (TBA) ==
 
 
 
(reserved by the hiring committee)
 
== December 15, 2021, Wednesday at 4pm in B239, [https://people.seas.harvard.edu/~chr/ Chris Rycroft] (Harvard) ==
 
 
 
(reserved by the hiring committee)
 
 
 
== Future ==
 
 
 
[[Colloquia/Spring2022|Spring 2022]]
 
 
 
== Past Colloquia ==
 
  
 
[[Colloquia/Spring2021|Spring 2021]]
 
[[Colloquia/Spring2021|Spring 2021]]

Latest revision as of 06:38, 21 September 2022


In 2022-2023, our colloquia will be in-person talks in B239 unless otherwise stated.

September 9 , 2022, Friday at 4pm Jing Tao (University of Oklahoma)

(host: Dymarz, Uyanik, WIMAW)

On surface homeomorphisms

In the 1970s, Thurston generalized the classification of self-maps of the torus to surfaces of higher genus, thus completing the work initiated by Nielsen. This is known as the Nielsen-Thurston Classification Theorem. Over the years, many alternative proofs have been obtained, using different aspects of surface theory. In this talk, I will overview the classical theory and sketch the ideas of a new proof, one that offers new insights into the hyperbolic geometry of surfaces. This is joint work with Camille Horbez.

September 23, 2022, Friday at 4pm Pablo Shmerkin (University of British Columbia)

(host: Guo, Seeger)

Incidences and line counting: from the discrete to the fractal setting

How many lines are spanned by a set of planar points?. If the points are collinear, then the answer is clearly "one". If they are not collinear, however, several different answers exist when sets are finite and "how many" is measured by cardinality. I will discuss a bit of the history of this problem and present a recent extension to the continuum setting, obtained in collaboration with T. Orponen and H. Wang. No specialized background will be assumed.

September 30, 2022, Friday at 4pm Alejandra Quintos (University of Wisconsin-Madison, Statistics)

(host: Stovall)

Dependent Stopping Times and an Application to Credit Risk Theory

Stopping times are used in applications to model random arrivals. A standard assumption in many models is that the stopping times are conditionally independent, given an underlying filtration. This is a widely useful assumption, but there are circumstances where it seems to be unnecessarily strong. In the first part of the talk, we use a modified Cox construction, along with the bivariate exponential introduced by Marshall & Olkin (1967), to create a family of stopping times, which are not necessarily conditionally independent, allowing for a positive probability for them to be equal. We also present a series of results exploring the special properties of this construction.

In the second part of the talk, we present an application of our model to Credit Risk. We characterize the probability of a market failure which is defined as the default of two or more globally systemically important banks (G-SIBs) in a small interval of time. The default probabilities of the G-SIBs are correlated through the possible existence of a market-wide stress event. We derive various theorems related to market failure probabilities, such as the probability of a catastrophic market failure, the impact of increasing the number of G-SIBs in an economy, and the impact of changing the initial conditions of the economy's state variables. We also show that if there are too many G-SIBs, a market failure is inevitable, i.e., the probability of a market failure tends to one as the number of G-SIBs tends to infinity.

October 7, 2022, Friday at 4pm Daniel Litt (University of Toronto)

(host: Ananth Shankar)

October 14, 2022, Friday at 4pm Andrew Sageman-Furnas (North Carolina State)

(host: Mari-Beffa)

October 21, 2022, Friday at 4pm Ngoc Mai Tran (Texas)

(host: Rodriguez)

November 7-9, 2022, Kristen Lauter (Facebook)

Distinguished lectures

(host: Yang).

November 11, 2022, Friday at 4pm Joel Tropp (Caltech)

This is the Annual LAA lecture. See this for its history.

(host: Qin, Jordan)

November 18, 2022, Friday at 4pm [TBD]

(reserved by HC. contact: Stechmann)

December 2, 2022, Friday at 4pm [TBD]

(reserved by HC. contact: Stechmann)

December 9, 2022, Friday at 4pm [TBD]

(reserved by HC. contact: Stechmann)

Future Colloquia

Fall 2022

Spring 2023

Past Colloquia

Spring 2022

Fall 2021

Spring 2021

Fall 2020

Spring 2020

Fall 2019

Spring 2019

Fall 2018

Spring 2018

Fall 2017

Spring 2017

Fall 2016

Spring 2016

Fall 2015

Spring 2015

Fall 2014

Spring 2014

Fall 2013

Spring 2013

Fall 2012

WIMAW