Graduate/Postdoc Topology and Singularities Seminar: Difference between revisions

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Fall 2020

This semester the seminar is on Zoom, hosted by Laurentiu Maxim and Botong Wang. The meeting information is below. We meet on Mondays, at 10am, starting on September 28.

Topic: Topology and Singularities Seminar

Join Zoom Meeting

Meeting ID: 923 4871 0211

Passcode: 752425

date speaker title
Sept 28 Eva Elduque (U Michigan-Ann Arbor) "Mixed Hodge structures on Alexander modules"
Oct 5 Yongqiang Liu (USTC, China) "TBA"
Oct 12 Brian Hepler (UW-Madison) "TBA"
Oct 19 Brian Hepler (UW-Madison) "TBA"
Oct 26 TBD "TBA"
Nov 2 TBD "TBA"
Nov 9 TBD "TBA"
Nov 16 Patricio Almirón Cuadros (Madrid) "TBA"
Nov 30 Javier Fernandez de Bobadilla (Bilbao) "TBA"
Dec 7 TBD "TBA"
Dec 14 TBD "TBA"


Sept 28: Eva Elduque

Mixed Hodge structures on Alexander modules

Abstract: Let ƒ : U → C be an algebraic map from a smooth complex connected algebraic variety U to the punctured complex line C. Using ƒ to pull back the exponential map C → C, one obtains an infinite cyclic cover Uƒ of the variety U. The homology groups of this infinite cyclic cover, which are endowed with Z-actions by deck transformations, determine the family of Alexander modules associated to the map ƒ. In this talk, we will discuss how to equip the torsion part of the Alexander modules (with respect to the Z-actions) with canonical mixed Hodge structures. Since Uƒ is not an algebraic variety in general, these mixed Hodge structures cannot be obtained from Deligne's theory. The resulting mixed Hodge structures on Alexander modules have some desirable properties. For example, the covering space map Uƒ → U induces morphisms of mixed Hodge structures in homology, where the homology of U is equipped with Deligne's mixed Hodge structure. We will explore several consequences/applications of this fact, regarding weights and semisimplicity. We will also compare the mixed Hodge structures on Alexander modules to other well studied mixed Hodge structures in the literature, including the limit mixed Hodge structure on the generic fiber of ƒ. Joint work with C. Geske, M. Herradón Cueto, L. Maxim, and B. Wang.

Oct 5: Yongqiang Liu



Fall 2018

The Seminar meets at 10.30 to 11:30 on Fridays in Van Vleck 901.

date speaker title
Oct 5 Fenglin Li "Hasse principle and u-invariant"
Oct 26 Fenglin Li "Hasse principle and u-invariant (II)"
Nov 2 José Rodríguez "Maximum likelihood degree"


Nov 2: José Rodríguez

Maximum likelihood degree

In statistics, point estimation uses sample data to calculate the "best estimate" of an unknown population parameter. For example, the sample average can be used to estimate the population mean. While there are many different point estimators, some of the most common ones are the maximum likelihood estimator (MLE), method of moments, and generalized method of moments (GMM).

In algebraic statistics statistical models are studied through the lens of algebra, geometry, and combinatorics. From model selection to inference, this interdisciplinary field has seen applications in a wide range of statistical procedures. In this talk, I will review maximum likelihood estimation and the maximum likelihood degree (ML degree) for discrete models. In particular, I will discuss how the ML degree gives a measure of algebraic complexity of the point estimate for MLE and how we can compute it using tools from topology and geometry. If time permits I will also discuss how we can use maximum likelihood degrees to study singularities.

Fall 2017

The Seminar meets at 3:30 to 4:30 pm on Wednesdays in Van Vleck 901.

date speaker title
Oct 4 Eva Elduque "Twisted Alexander Modules of Complex Essential Hyperplane Arrangement Complements (I)"
Oct 11 Eva Elduque "Twisted Alexander Modules of Complex Essential Hyperplane Arrangement Complements (II)"
Oct 18 Sebastian Baader "Dehn twist length in mapping class groups"
Oct 25 Cancelled
Nov 1 Christian Geske "Algebraic Intersection Spaces (I)"
Nov 8 Christian Geske "Algebraic Intersection Spaces (II)"
Nov 15 Laurentiu Maxim "Stratified Morse Theory: an overview (I)"
Nov 22 Thanksgiving break
Nov 29 Laurentiu Maxim "Stratified Morse Theory: an overview (II)"
December 6 Alexandra Kjuchukova "Singular branched covers of four-manifolds and applications"
December 13 TBD "TBA"

Spring 2017

Fridays at 11:00 VV901

The Seminar meets on Fridays at 11:00 pm in Van Vleck 901, and is coordinated by Alexandra Kjuchukova, Manuel Gonzalez Villa and Botong Wang.

date speaker title
Jan 27 Christian Geske "Intersection Spaces and Equivariant Moore Approximation I"
Feb 3 Christian Geske "Intersection Spaces and Equivariant Moore Approximation II"
Feb 10 Sashka "The Wirtinger Number of a knot equals its bridge number I"
Feb 17 Sashka "The Wirtinger Number of a knot equals its bridge number II"
Feb 24 Christian Geske "Intersection Spaces and Equivariant Moore Approximation III"
Mar 3 Manuel Gonzalez Villa "Multiplier ideals of irreducible plane curve singularities"

Fall 2016

Wednesdays at 14:30 VV901

The Seminar meets on Wednesdays at 14:30 pm in Van Vleck 901 (except on October 26th when we will meet in Van Vleck 903), and is coordinated by Alexandra Kjuchukova, Manuel Gonzalez Villa and Botong Wang.

date speaker title
Sept. 14 (W) Laurentiu Maxim "Alexander-type invariants of hypersurface complements"
Sept. 21 (W) Botong Wang "Cohomology jump loci"
Sept. 28 (W) Alexandra Kjuchukova "On the Bridge Number vs Meridional Rank Conjecture"
Oct 5 (W) Manuel Gonzalez Villa "Introduction to Newton polyhedra"
Oct 12 (W) Manuel Gonzalez Villa "More on Newton polyhedra"
Oct 26 (W) Christian Geske "Intersection Spaces"
Nov 2 (W) Christian Geske "Intersection Spaces Continued"
Nov 16 (W) Eva Elduque "Braids and the fundamental group of plane curve complements"
Nov 30 (W) Laurentiu Maxim "Novikov homology of hypersurface complements"
Dec 14 (W) Eva Elduque Specialty Exam: "Twisted Alexander invariants of plane curve complements"

Spring 2016

Mondays at 3:20 B139VV

The old Graduate Singularities Seminar will meet as a Graduate/Postdoc Topology and Singularities Seminar in Fall 2015 and Spring 2016.

The seminar meets on Mondays at 3:20 pm in Van Vleck B139. During Spring 2016 we will cover first chapters the book Singularities in Topology by Alex Dimca (Universitext, Springer Verlag, 2004). If you would like to participate giving one of the talks, please contact Eva Elduque or Christian Geske.

date speaker title
Feb. 8 (M) Christian Geske Section 1.1 and 1.2: Category of complexes and Homotopical category
Feb. 15 (M) Eva Elduque Sections 1.3 and 1.4: Derived category and derived functors
Feb. 22 (M) Botong Wang Sections 2.1 and 2.2: Generalities on Sheaves and Derived tensor products
Feb. 29 (M) Christian Geske Hypercohomology and Holomorphic Differential Forms on Analytic Varieties
Mar. 7 (M) Eva Elduque Section 2.3: Direct and inverse image
Mar. 14 (M) Cancelled
Mar. 28 (M) Cancelled
Apr. 4 (M) Cancelled
Apr. 11 (M) Christian Geske Section 2.3 cont.
Apr. 18 (M) Cancelled
Apr. 25 (M) Cancelled
May. 2 (M) Cancelled

If you would like to present a topic, please contact Eva Elduque or Christian Geske.


(From the back cover of Dimca's book) Constructible and perverse sheaves are the algebraic counterpart of the decomposition of a singular space into smooth manifolds, a great geometrical idea due to R. Thom and H. Whitney. These sheaves, generalizing the local systems that are so ubiquitous in mathematics, have powerful applications to the topology of such singular spaces (mainly algebraic and analytic complex varieties).

This introduction to the subject can be regarded as a textbook on Modern Algebraic Topology, which treats the cohomology of spaces with sheaf coefficients (as opposed to the classical constant coefficient cohomology).

The first five chapters introduce derived categories, direct and inverse images of sheaf complexes, Verdier duality, constructible and perverse sheaves, vanishing and characteristic cycles. They also discuss relations to D-modules and intersection cohomology. The final chapters apply this powerful tool to the study of the topology of singularities, of polynomial functions and of hyperplane arrangements.

Some fundamental results, for which excellent sources exist, are not proved but just stated and illustrated by examples and corollaries. In this way, the reader is guided rather quickly from the A-B-C of the theory to current research questions, supported in this by a wealth of examples and exercises.

Fall 2015

Thursdays 4pm in B139VV

date speaker title
Sept. 24 (Th) KaiHo (Tommy) Wong Twisted Alexander Invariant for Knots and Plane Curves
Oct. 1 (Th) Alexandra (Sashka) Kjuchukova Linking numbers and branched covers I
Oct. 8 (Th) Alexandra (Sashka) Kjuchukova Linking numbers and branched covers II
Oct. 15 (Th) Manuel Gonzalez Villa On poles of zeta functions and monodromy conjecture I
Oct. 22 (Th) Yun Su (Suky) Pretalk Higher-order degrees of hypersurface complements., Survey on Alexander polynomial for plane curves.
Oct. 29 (Th) Yun Su (Suky) Aftertalk Higher-order degrees of hypersurface complements.
Nov. 5 (Th) Manuel Gonzalez Villa On poles of zeta functions and monodromy conjecture II
Nov. 12 (Th) Manuel Gonzalez Villa On poles of zeta functions and monodromy conjecture III
Nov. 19 (Th) Eva Elduque Stiefel-Whitney classes
Dec. 3 (Th) Eva Elduque Grass-mania!
Dec. 10 (Th) KaiHo (Tommy) Wong Pretalk Milnor Fiber of Complex Hyperplane Arrangements


Th, Sep 24: Tommy

Twisted Alexander Invariant of Knots and Plane Curves.

I will introduced three invariants of knots and plane curves, fundamental group, Alexander polynomial, and twisted Alexander polynomial. Some basic examples will be used to illustrate how Alexander polynomial or twisted Alexander polynomial can be computed from the fundamental group. If time permits, I will survey some known facts about twisted Alexander invariant of plane curves.

Th, Oct 1 and 8: Sashka

Linking numbers and branched coverings I and II

Let K be a knot in S^3, and let M be a non-cyclic branched cover of S^3 with branching set K. The linking numbers between the branch curves in M, when defined, are an invariant of K which can be traced back to Reidemeister and was used by Ken Perko in the 60s to distinguish 25 new knot types not detected by their Alexander Polynomials. In addition to this classical result, recent work in the study of branched covers of four-manifolds with singular branching sets leads us to consider the linking of other curves in M besides the branch curves.

In these two talks, I will outline Perko's original method for computing linking in a branched cover, and I will give a brief overview of its classical applications. Then, I'll describe a suitable generalization of his method, and explain its relevance to a couple of open questions in the classification of branched covers between four-manifolds.

Th, Oct 15, Nov 5 and Nov 12: Manuel

On poles of zeta functions and monodromy conjecture I and II

Brief introduction to topological and motivic zeta functions and their relations. Statement of the monodromy conjecture. Characterization and properties of poles of the in the case of plane curves. Open problems in the case of quasi-ordinary singularities.

Th, Nov 19: Eva

Stiefel-Whitney classes

Not all elements in the Z_2 cohomology ring of the base space of a real vector bundle are created equal. We will define the Stiefel-Whitney classes and give evidence of why they are the cool kids of the cohomology dance. For example, they will tell us information about when a manifold is the boundary of another one or when we can’t embed a given projective space into R^n.

Th, Dec 3: Eva


In this talk, we will talk about the grassmannians, both the finite and infinite dimensional ones. We will define their canonical vector bundles, which turn out to be universal in some sense, and give them a CW structure to compute their cohomology ring. As an application, we will prove the uniqueness of the Stiefel-Whitney classes defined in the last talk.

This talk is for the most part self contained, so it doesn't matter if you missed the previous one.

Th, Dec 10: Tommy

A line is one of the simplest geometric objects, but a whole bunch of them could provide us open problems!

I will talk about some past results on line arrangements, that are whole bunches of lines. I will speak a little bit on why line arrangements or plane arrangements stand out from other hypersurfaces in the study of topological singularity theory.

Spring 2014

We continue with Professor Alex Suciu's work.

Fall 2014

We follow Professor Alex Suciu's work this semester.

But we will not meet at a regular basis.

Spring 2014

We meet on Tuesdays 3:30-4:25pm in room B211.

date speaker title
Feb. 25 (Tue) Yongqiang Liu Monodromy Decomposition I
Mar. 4 (Tue) Yongqiang Liu Monodromy Decomposition II
Mar. 25 (Tue) KaiHo Wong Conjecture of lower bounds of Alexander polynomial
Apr. 8 (Tue) Yongqiang Liu Nearby Cycles and Alexander Modules

Fall 2013

We are learning Hodge Theory this semester and will be following three books:

1. Voisin, Hodge Theory and Complex Algebraic Geometry I & II

2. Peters, Steenbrink, Mixed Hodge Structures

We meet weekly on Wednesdays from 12 at noon to 1pm in room 901.

date speaker title
Sep. 18 (Wed) KaiHo Wong Discussions on book material
Sep. 25 (Wed) Yongqiang Liu Milnor Fibration at infinity of polynomial map
Oct. 9 (Wed) KaiHo Wong Discussions on book material
Oct. 16 (Wed) Yongqiang Liu Polynomial singularities
Nov. 13 (Wed) KaiHo Wong Discussions on book material

Spring 2013

date speaker title
Feb. 6 (Wed) Jeff Poskin Toric Varieties III
Feb.13 (Wed) Yongqiang Liu Intersection Alexander Module
Feb.20 (Wed) Yun Su (Suky) How do singularities change shape and view of objects?
Feb.27 (Wed) KaiHo Wong Fundamental groups of plane curves complements
Mar.20 (Wed) Jörg Schürmann (University of Münster, Germany) Characteristic classes of singular toric varieties
Apr. 3 (Wed) KaiHo Wong Fundamental groups of plane curves complements II
Apr.10 (Wed) Yongqiang Liu Milnor fiber of local function germ
Apr.17 (Wed) 2:45pm-3:45pm (Note the different time) KaiHo Wong Formula of Alexander polynomials of plane curves


Wed, 2/27: Tommy

Fundamental groups of plane curves complements

I will sketch the proof of the Zariski-Van Kampen thereon and say some general results about the fundamental groups of plane curves complements. In particular, we will investigate, under what conditions, these groups are abelian. Some simple examples will be provided. And if time permits, some classical examples of Zariski and Oka will be computed.

Fall 2012

date speaker title
Sept. 18 (Tue) KaiHo Wong Organization and Milnor fibration and Milnor Fiber
Sept. 25 (Tue) KaiHo Wong Algebraic links and exotic spheres
Oct. 4 (Thu) Yun Su (Suky) Alexander polynomial of complex algebraic curve (Note the different day but same time and location)
Oct. 11 (Thu) Yongqiang Liu Sheaves and Hypercohomology
Oct. 18 (Thu) Jeff Poskin Toric Varieties II
Nov. 1 (Thu) Yongqiang Liu Mixed Hodge Structure
Nov. 15 (Thu) KaiHo Wong Euler characteristics of hypersurfaces with isolated singularities
Nov. 29 (Thu) Markus Banagl, University of Heidelberg High-Dimensional Topological Field Theory, Automata Theory, and Exotic spheres


Thu, 10/4: Suky

Alexander polynomial of complex algebraic curve

I will extend the definition of Alexander polynomial in knot theory to an complex algebraic curve. From the definition, it is clear that Alexander polynomial is an topological invariant for curves. I will explain how the topology of a curve control its Alexander polynomial, in terms of the factors. Calculations of some examples will be provided.