NTSGrad Fall 2015/Abstracts

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Sep 08

Vladimir Sotirov

This is a prep talk for Sean Rostami's talk on September 10.

Sep 15

David Bruce
The Important Questions

Did the Universe come from nothing? Why are we moral? Where did we come from? According to some signs on Bascom Hill these are the important questions in life. Sadly the poor person who made these signs does not know what the really important questions are: What is David Zureick-Brown going to saying in his NTS talk? How many rational points are on the projective curve given (in affine coordinates) by: $$y^2 = x^6 + 8x^5 + 22x^4 + 22x^3 + 5x^2 + 6x + 1?$$ If you would like to be enlightened by the answers to these truly important questions come to my talk where everything will be illuminated… Or at least some of the background for Coleman and Chabauty’s method for finding rational points on curves will be discussed

PS: The number of references to Elijah Wood will be bounded — just like the number of rational points on our curves.

Sep 16

Silas Johnson
Alternate Discriminants and Mass Formulas for Number Fields

Kedlaya and Wood have explored alternate invariants for number fields, with the idea of replacing the discriminant in standard field-counting questions with one of these alternate invariants. We further explore the space of “reasonable” invariants, expanding on Kedlaya and Wood’s definition. We also discuss a theorem on mass formulas for these invariants.

Sep 23

Daniel Hast
Moments of prime polynomials in short intervals

How many prime numbers occur in a typical "short interval" of fixed width, and how are primes distributed among such intervals? We examine the analogue of this problem for polynomials over a finite field. Our approach is geometric: we interpret each moment of the distribution in terms of counting certain points on an algebraic variety, and we use an algebraic analogue of the Lefschetz fixed-point theorem to compute the leading terms of this "twisted" point-count. As a motivating example, we realize the "prime polynomial theorem" as a geometric statement.

Sep 30



Oct 07

Will Cocke
The Trouble with Sharblies

The Sharbly complex provides a generalization of modular symbols and can be used to compute the Hecke eigenvalues on arithmetic cohomology. Such eigenvalues provide useful information pertaining to generalizations of Serre's conjecture. I will introduce the Sharbly complex and examine the necessary reduction techniques needed to compute the Hecke action. A friendly introduction to a new and emerging tool in computational number theory.

Oct 14

Brandon Alberts


Oct 21

Yueke Hu
Mass equidistribution on modular curve of level N

It was shown in previous works that the measure associated to holomorphic newforms of weight k and level q will tend weakly to the Haar measure on modular curve of level 1, as qk goes to infinity. In this talk I will show that this phenomenon is also true on modular curves of general level N.

Oct 28

David Bruce
Intro to Complex Dynamics

Given a polynomial f(z) with complex coefficients, we can ask for which complex numbers p is the set {f(p), f(f(p)), f(f(f(p))),...} bounded, that is to ask which complex numbers have bounded forward orbit under f(z)? Alternatively we can turn the question around and ask for a fixed complex number p, for which (complex) polynomials is the forward orbit of p bounded? Finite? Periodic? These questions give the interesting fractal pictures many of you have probably seen. Amazingly many of the tools needed to approach these questions, arose well before computers allowed us to generate images like the one above. In this talk we will explore some of the basic tools and results of complex dynamics paying particular attention relations to number theory. The goal being to present some of the background material need for Laura DeMarco’s talk later in the week. (Also getting to see a really cool area of mathematics!)

Nov 04

Vlad Matei
Modular forms for definite quaternion algebras

The Jacquet-Langlands theorem states that given two quaternion algebras, then certain automorphic forms for one of them are in canonical bijection with certain automorphic forms for the other. This seems far too general and also a bit vague.So if one translates the statement of the JL theorem down a bit, we should have that certain classical modular forms should be related to certain "modular forms" on other quaternion algebras. We will define modular forms for quaternion algebras, and we will see that for definite quaternion algebras they are very concrete algebraic objects.

Nov 11

Ryan Julian
What is a K3 surface, and why are K1 and K2 surfaces only studied by mountain climbers?

In preparation for Thursday's talk on the Shafarevich conjecture for K3 surfaces, I will attempt to build up enough of the definitions and background theory of differential geometry to define what a K3 surface is. In particular, I hope to explain how K3 surfaces fit into a larger classification of algebraic surfaces, allowing us to prove theorems in a more restricted setting before tackling surfaces of general type. Time permitting, I might even give a couple examples of K3 surfaces. If we're really lucky, I might even have time to explain the hilarious semi-joke in the title above.

Nov 18



Nov 25



Dec 02



Dec 09

Jiuya Wang
Parametrization of Cubic Field

The discriminant parametrizes quadratic number fields well, but it will not work for cubic number fields. In order to develop a parametrization of cubic number fields, we will introduce the correspondence between a cubic ring with basis and a binary cubic form. The fact that there is a nice correspondence between orbits under [math]\displaystyle{ GL_2(\mathbb{Z}) }[/math]-action will give the parametrization of cubic fields.

Organizer contact information

Megan Maguire (mmaguire2@math.wisc.edu)

Ryan Julian (mrjulian@math.wisc.edu)

Sean Rostami (srostami@math.wisc.edu)

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