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Return to NTS Spring 2017

Jan 19

Bianca Viray
On the dependence of the Brauer-Manin obstruction on the degree of a variety
Let X be a smooth projective variety of degree d over a number field k. In 1970 Manin observed that elements of the Brauer group of X can obstruct the existence of a k-point, even when X is everywhere locally soluble. In joint work with Brendan Creutz, we prove that if X is geometrically abelian, Kummer, or bielliptic then this Brauer-Manin obstruction to the existence of a k-point can be detected from only the d-primary torsion Brauer classes.

Jan 26

Jordan Ellenberg
Upper bounds for Malle's conjecture over function fields
I will talk about this paper


joint with Craig Westerland and TriThang Tran, which proves an upper bound, originally conjectured by Malle, for the number of G-extensions of F_q(t) of bounded discriminant.

Feb 2

Arul Shankar
Bounds on the 2-torsion in the class groups of number fields
(Joint with M. Bhargava, T. Taniguchi, F. Thorne, J. Tsimerman, Y. Zhao)

Given a number field K of fixed degree n over Q, a classical theorem of Brauer--Siegel asserts that the size of the class group of K is bounded by O_\epsilon(|Disc(K)|^(1/2+\epsilon). For any prime p, it is conjectured that the p-torsion subgroup of the class group of K is bounded by O_\epsilon(|Disc(K)|^\epsilon. Only the case n=p=2 of this conjecture in known. In fact, for most pairs (n,p), the best known bounds come from the "convex" Brauer--Siegel bound.

In this talk, we will discuss a proof of a subconvex bound on the size of the 2-torsion in the class groups of number fields, for all degrees n. We will also discuss an application of this result towards improved bounds on the number of integral points on elliptic curves.

Feb 9


Feb 16

Alexandra Florea
Moments of L-functions over function fields
I will talk about the moments of the family of quadratic Dirichlet L–functions over function fields. Fixing the finite field and letting the genus of the family go to infinity, I will explain how to obtain asymptotic formulas for the first four moments in the hyperelliptic ensemble.

Feb 23

Dongxi Ye
Borcherds Products on Unitary Group U(2,1)
In this talk, I will first briefly go over the concepts of Borcherds products on orthogonal groups and unitary groups. And then I will present a family of new explicit examples of Borcherds products on unitary group U(2,1), which arise from a canonical basis for the space of weakly holomorphic modular forms of weight $-1$ for $\Gamma_{0}(4)$. This talk is based on joint work with Professor Tonghai Yang.

Mar 2

Frank Thorne
Levels of distribution for prehomogeneous vector spaces
One important technical ingredient in many arithmetic statistics papers is

upper bounds for finite exponential sums which arise as Fourier transforms of characteristic functions of orbits. This is typical in results obtaining power saving error terms, treating "local conditions", and/or applying any sort of sieve.

In my talk I will explain what these exponential sums are, how they arise, and what their relevance is. I will outline a new method for explicitly and easily evaluating them, and describe some pleasant surprises in our end results. I will also outline a new sieve method for efficiently exploiting these results, involving Poisson summation and the Bhargava-Ekedahl geometric sieve. For example, we have proved that there are "many" quartic field discriminants with at most eight prime factors.

This is joint work with Takashi Taniguchi.

Mar 9


Mar 16

Mar 30


Apr 6

Celine Maistret

Apr 13

Apr 20

Yueke Hu

Apr 27


May 4