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Return to NTS Spring 2016

Jan 28

Nigel Boston
The 2-class tower of Q(√-5460)

What is the liminf of the root-discriminants of all number fields? It's known (under GRH) to lie between 44.8 and 82.1. I'll explain how trying to tighten this range leads us to ask whether the 2-class tower of Q(√-5460) is finite or not and I'll describe how we find ways to address this question despite repeated combinatorial explosions in the calculation. This is joint work with Jiuya Wang.

Feb 04

Shamgar Gurevich
Low Dimensional Representations of Finite Classical Groups

Group theorists have established many formulas that express interesting properties of a finite group in terms of sums of characters of the group. An obstacle to applying these formulas is lack of control over the dimensions of representations of the group. In particular, the representations of small dimension tend to contribute the largest terms to these sums, so a systematic knowledge of these small representations could lead to proofs of some of these facts. This talk will discuss a new method for systematically constructing the small representations of finite classical groups. I will explain the method with concrete examples and applications. This is part from a joint project with Roger Howe (Yale).

Feb 11

Naser Talebi Zadeh
Optimal Strong Approximation for Quadratic Forms


Feb 18

Padmavathi Srinivasan
Conductors and minimal discriminants of hyperelliptic curves with rational Weierstrass points

Conductors and minimal discriminants are two measures of degeneracy of the singular fiber in a family of hyperelliptic curves. In the case of elliptic curves, the Ogg-Saito formula shows that (the negative of) the Artin conductor equals the minimal discriminant. In the case of genus two curves, equality no longer holds in general, but the two invariants are related by an inequality. We investigate the relation between these two invariants for hyperelliptic curves of arbitrary genus.

Mar 10

Joseph Gunther
Integral Points of Bounded Degree in Dynamical Orbits

What should we mean by a random algebraic number? We'll examine this question in the context of determining the average number of integral points in dynamical orbits on the projective line, where we specifically don't work over a fixed number field. The tools will include variants of the Batyrev-Manin conjecture a generalization of Siegel's theorem about integral points on curves.

Mar 17

Jinhyun Park
Coming soon...

After A. Weil formulated Weil conjectures for Hasse-Weil zeta functions of varieties over finite fields, A. Grothendieck postulated that a reasonable cohomology theory (a good Weil cohomology) and a good understanding of algebraic cycles (e.g. the standard conjectures?) would resolve the Weil conjectures. P. Deligne’s final resolution in 1970s of the Weil conjectures however came through l-adic étale cohomology, and without resorting to the theory of algebraic cycles.

In this talk, we try to shed some lights this question again from the point of view of algebraic cycles, with the slogan “Algebraic cycles should know the arithmetic” in mind. More specifically, we discuss how one can describe the de Rham-Witt complexes in terms of algebraic cycles, thus giving a algebraic-cycle theoretic description of crystalline cohomology theory.